Kahawai - Average size 40-55 cm, weighing 2-3 kg but some up to 65cm
and 5 kg. Occurs around New Zealand and southern Australia. Not related
to true salmons, despite its alternative names of Pacific salmon and
Australian salmon. Speckled light green-blue above, white below,
juvenile fish with additional brown markings. Found in inshore waters
all around New Zealand but most common from Kaikoura northwards. Mostly
taken by purse seine, some by trawl. Caught all year round but main
season in April to October when schooling at surface. Flesh rather dark
but lightens on cooking. Medium texture, strong flavour. Especially
tasty when soused, smoked or cooked by moist heat, ie. poaching or
steaming. Suited to canning, when the flesh turns a delicate pink.
- A variety of Japanese
fish paste cake. An elastic or rubbery, heat-pasteurised, Japanese style
fish cake made from minced fish, with starch for thickening, and sugar,
salt and monosodium glutamate for flavouring.
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Katsuo - This small tuna (6 to 8 pounds) has a light-colored meat
similar to yellowfin. "Katsuo" is the Japanese name for this fish. The
Hawaiians call it "aku."
Kilogram, Kilo, Kg - A metric weight equivalent to 2.2046 lbs. In the
U.S. it is usually calculated as 2.2 lbs. Imported product is often sold
by the kilogram.
King Crab - A giant crab that can grow up to 10 feet, claw-to-claw. It
has snowy white meat edged in red. Because their numbers are rapidly
decreasing, the catch is rigidly quota-controlled. Only male king crab,
which are much larger than females, are fished. Three species of king
crab are fished commercially:
- Red king crab, which can weigh as
much as 20 pounds apiece, is the largest crab and the largest
resource accounting for more than 80% of the world king crab catch.
- Blue king crab, which can be
distinguished from red king crab by the more pronounced dark
coloring on the tip of their legs, are almost as large as red king
crab. Blue king crab typically sells for the same price as red king
- Brown, or “golden” king crab, is
noticeably smaller and can easily be distinguished by its uniform
red/orange color on their legs (the underside of red and blue king
crab legs are a creamy white). Brown king crab generally sells at a
discount because its typically has a lower meat content.
King crab quality can vary widely,
depending upon the time of the year it is caught. Alaska red king crab,
which is mostly fished in the fall, generally has excellent “meat fill”
(the amount of meat in the shell), often 90% or higher. Meat fill from
brown king crab, on the other hand, which is fished in deeper waters
year-round, can be less than 80%. In Russia, where there are two
seasons, the meat fill can vary widely. Russian crab from the winter
fishery (January through April) is normally quite good. The meat fill of
Russian king crab caught in the late summer and early fall fishery can
King Salmon - Considered the finest Pacific salmon. This high-fat, soft
textured fish can reach up to 120 pounds. Also called the "Chinook
Kingfish: Any of several varieties of drum found along the
Kipper: To cure (herring, salmon, etc.) by cleaning, salting
and drying or cold smoking. Also called "Kippered Herring" and "Kippered
Snack." There are many varieties of Kippers for example the delicate and
small Manx Kipper.
Kosher - Conforming to Jewish